The Age of Anti-Enlightenment? (Part 1 of 3)


By Blake Bouza


In 2017, the second-most hated phrase in America was “fake news” according to a survey conducted by The Marist Poll. It came second only to “whatever.”

We have Pope Francis to thank for the blurb on the front page.

“I think the media have to be very clear, very transparent, and not fall into – no offense intended – the sickness of coprophilia, that is, always wanting to cover scandals, covering nasty things, even if they are true,” he said. “A lot of damage can be done.”

Coprophilia is the sexual fixation on fecal matter, and given the state of news information and the way we consume it today, I don’t think we can fault the leader of the Catholic church for using such terminology.

The state of disinformation our world finds itself in, I think, can be attributed quite easily to the Internet and our newfound interconnectivity, and perhaps the general inclination to believe things we hear the first time.

Entire communities exist online though that can strengthen and support ideas that are objectively and universally accepted as wrong or unproven.

Let us examine perhaps the 21st century’s most glaring example, which also happens to have been the 5th century’s hot-button issue: the “supposed” roundness of the earth.

If this is the first time you are hearing of this issue, I would like to express my deepest condolences for opening your eyes to the strangest, most absurd controversy you will hear this year.

A rapidly growing number of people are taking hold of the idea that the Earth we are living on is, in fact, flat, as our enlightened ancestors of hundreds of years ago believed.

As a reminder, these ancestors’ greatest hits include: feeding people to lions for entertainment, burning supposed witches at stake, and, thanks to Roman propaganda, believing their emperor was also a literal god! Good times, right?

The way that the current flat earth movement claims that we are on a flat earth with none of the 50 space agencies, both privately and publicly funded, world governments, and International Space Station knowing about it is because we are being lied to by these entities.

The reason for such a conspiracy? No one knows.

I sought help with this conundrum in the form of three Vol State professors: Charles Hicks, associate professor of biology; Dr. Clark Hutton, chair of philosophy; and Dr. Philip Clifford.

I asked these gentlemen how people could be deluded into believing something like the flat earth hypothesis.

“Set out to prove something, and you’ll find a way. Set out to disprove something, and you may fail,” Clifford said.

If it can’t be disproven, Clifford put forth, it is a tautology, an idea that supports itself.

Everyone had this one guy that said the sky was falling. I called this person the village idiot.

“Now they have their own village,” Hutton said.

“They’re no longer isolated,” Hicks said, “they have a platform.”

“Abe Lincoln once said, if you call a tail a leg, how many legs does the dog have?” Clifford said. “Four. Calling a tail a leg does not make it one.”

In the next couple weeks we’ll get more into the why and how people believe things and what makes people disregard information with the help of the gracious professors above.

Email me! What do you think of our state of information?

Vol State needs mental health counselors


By Blake Bouza


The last two weeks we discussed part of the gun problem our country is faced with: the guns themselves. I would like to devote a final week to this problem before moving on. I feel we do that a little too easily in the state of desensitization we find ourselves in with shootings such as Parkland.

This week, let’s talk about the mental health problem our country faces.

The Parkland shooter suffered from mental health.

“There is a clear relationship between mental illness and mass public shootings,” according to the LA Times.

But this does not, of course, mean everyone suffering from a mental illness are potential mass shooters, I want to make it clear that we all understand that point going forward.

The article continued, “At the broadest level, peer-reviewed research has shown that individuals with major mental disorders (those that substantially interfere with life activities) are more likely to commit violent acts, especially if they abuse drugs. When we focus more narrowly on mass public shootings — an extreme and, fortunately, rare form of violence — we see a relatively high rate of mental illness.”

The book “Mass Murder in the United States: A History” makes the observation that at least 59 percent of the 185 public mass shootings that took place in the United States from 1900 – 2017.

These were carried out by people who had either been diagnosed with a mental disorder or demonstrated signs of serious mental illness prior to the attack. found a similarly high rate of potential mental health problems among perpetrators of mass shootings, 61 percent, when the magazine examined 62 cases in 2012, according to the LA times.

As has come to light since the Parkland shooting, we now know the shooter had been treated for mental illness in the past.

I have seen a case made that teachers should be allowed to bring firearms into the classroom. Teachers, though, are just as human as the rest of us and just as susceptible to dealing with mental illness.

As we saw when a teacher in Dalton, Georgia fired a handgun out a window after he barricaded himself in his classroom.

Though it is not explicitly stated the Dalton teacher had a history of mental illness, and the police state he claims to have had no intention of harming anyone, it seems clear the teacher was under some strain to have acted out in such a way.

So what is our solution? Can we solve this problem of isolation, depression and fear with policy?

I do not think I’m saying anything radical when I put forth this idea: we should solve it with conversation. At the ground level. At schools – which also, I think, will help the issue of adult mass shooters.

By that I mean, with school counselors. People who will take the time and make themselves available to students who perhaps feel isolated in their struggles. Counselor(s) to get to know students and be able to watch out for warning signs.

This counselor should not only be limited to students; faculty could very much benefit from a person like this as well.

A counselor would be invaluable here on our campus in the aftermath of a shooting like Parkland, when people feel vulnerable, perhaps a little fearful of going to campus, when 17 very fragile lives were so swiftly taken in a matter of minutes. Tell me what you think:

Thoughts and Prayers


By Blake Bouza

The first words spoken in this sort of thing are always really hard, so I’ll let David Hogg, a senior and student journalist at Parkland High School, do it:

This is not just another mass shooting. No shooting is just another mass shooting. This needs to be a turning point. This shooting was the result of a number of situations and individuals, but action can still and should still be taken to prevent something like this from happening.

“People in Congress, people in state legislatures, just lawmakers in general, need to stand up and not let these political divisions prevent them from saving children’s lives. Cause this can happen and it will happen again if they just make false promises and don’t take action. Because ideas without action remain ideas, and when that happens, children die.”

This is a 17-year-old young man whose life is now divided into two distinct halves: before the school shooting he and his 14-year-old sister had to live through on Feb. 14, 2018 and after it.

This shooting struck close to home. My teenage cousins live in Weston, Florida, not twenty minutes from Parkland, and go to high school only ten minutes from there.

When I heard about the shootings, I panicked but soon found out they were safe and do not attend Parkland High.

I asked my cousin, Brandon Abin, about that day, seeking insight. He knows people that go to Parkland. His girlfriend lost a friend to the shooting. His school was evacuated as soon as the news about the shooting came out.

“It was actually really scary,” said Abin. “You always hear about these things happening in other communities but never imagine it coming to yours.”

Abin said for the rest of the week his school was on lockdown. Students were not allowed in the hallways during class, and were not allowed outside the cafeteria during lunch. Security was added, and police officers patrolled the campus.

I have a friend, Olivia Laskowski, doing an internship in Australia right now.

“Living in a country where the gun control debate was settled in 1989 is astounding. Australians can’t believe we still let this happen and they accept gun death in America as a fact of what our country is about,” she said.

I’ve heard the same rhetoric about people having a higher chance of dying by choking on improperly chewed food. I’ve heard the same thing about obesity, like State Senator Dennis Baxley, who likened gun restrictions to imposing limits on forks and spoons.

Here is the issue with that talk that should die: a troubled person isn’t forcing you to choke and die. No one is forcing you to eat as much food as you do. And it certainly is not happening en masse.

Senator Baxley also said that the focus needs to be on school safety. What about the Aurora shootings in 2012? Or the Chattanooga shootings in 2015?

Some will then say it’s a mental health issue, but per capita, the USA has the same amount of mental illness as Canada, the UK or Australia, according to the World Health Organization. We largely have the same medications in all these countries as well.

Yet there is one major, obvious difference between our country and those in the context of our discussion today: a significant lack of mass shootings in comparison to our own.

Don’t mistake me or the title of this op-ed. I believe in the power of prayer. I believe in it so much that I will never own a gun. I believe that owning a gun will not change the outcome of whether or not my time has come, because when I go is not for me to decide. I do not hold my life in such esteem that I would be willing to kill another person to protect my own.

Our fellow human beings require more than my prayers, though they have them. They need us to vote in people who will actually take a hard line on gun reform – because a mental health reform is even longer in coming. Mental illness is, quite unfortunately, a constant reality of mankind. Gun violence does not need to be.

Evil men will do evil deeds regardless of the tools available to them, no one will dispute that. Sometimes it can be accepting money from the wrong people/organization, and often is the mass slaughter of our brothers and sisters. It should not be the point that settles an argument – it should spark a call to action.
I’m not even saying anything super radical should happen. Let’s examine for a moment the fact that this troubled man obtained his assault rifle legally. Let’s examine how many of the other mass shootings were committed by weapons that were obtained legally.

If this minor did not have the option available to him of buying an assault rifle that was a catalyst to acting out his evil deed, would the shooting have been accomplished in the first place?

He more than likely would not have had the resources or means to obtain his weapon on the black market.

And so with the temptation of living out his dark imaginings revoked, perhaps he would have sought out help?

I obviously cannot say for certain, but I don’t think anyone coming out of the Valentine’s Day Massacre would say nothing needs to change. I’m so sick of calling for change, actually. But I’m sick of seeing nothing done. I’m sick of being told that my generation can’t change, when that does not seem to be the case at all.
I know why we are so pro-gun in our culture: the Second Amendment stipulated that we be allowed to bear arms in case the government try to take over.

Now I ask, in a world where the government has heat-seeking drones, tanks and weapons that can mow down dozens at once – will your one AR-15 really matter? We can discuss the merits of guerilla warfare at another time, but I make my point.

Oppressive governments are frequent throughout history, correct. Both sides of my family spent significant portions of their lives fleeing or recovering from living under one through the latter half of the 20th Century.

At what point do we address the very real, present problems of today and stop preparing for some hypothetical, far off problem of a government take over?

If we as a republic have allowed ourselves to get to the point of a government take over being a real threat and allowed the people we chose to be our mouthpieces in legislature to fail us, is that not on us?

Are there not other, more significant laws in our Constitution that should curb that before it ever becomes a reality, and not just the Second Amendment?

Honestly I am not here to dictate what should happen. I’m a dumb kid with a platform. I will not pretend to be an informed individual on the ins and outs of the hold of the NRA, the politicians who receive money from the organization and gun reform. I do not really know what that would look like, to be honest.

But maybe, just maybe, we can at least look at the rules that allow a child to buy an assault weapon before he is old enough to drink.

I close out with another quote from a survivor of the Parkland shootings, Isabelle Robinson:

“This shouldn’t be a fight between two different parties. This should be a coming together where we all realize that something is wrong. And even if we disagree on the way to fix it, we all just need to talk about it and stop being angry and stop slandering other people because that doesn’t help anyone. And that’s why people die, because we just can’t get along.”


Oscar Nominated Movies Available at Thigpen Library


By Katie Doll

The 90th Academy Award nominations were recently announced, and many people may be wondering who will take home the trophy March 4. Here is an Oscar-themed list of ten films available in the Volunteer State Community College Thigpen Library. Five films have been nominated for Best Picture, and five have won.

Get Out

As one of the most talked about films of 2017, this horror film received four nominations for the 2018 Academy Awards. The film follows a black man as he visits the family of his white girlfriend. The visit leads to some disturbing discoveries. The race-based film has shocking and satirical content that left viewers questioning society’s views on discrimination.


The war film, Dunkirk, has eight nominations for the 2018 Academy Awards. The film depicts the Dunkirk evacuation of World War II with little dialogue from the ensemble cast but impresses with dramatic cinematography and music.

La La Land

This fun, heartwarming musical received the most nominations at the 2017 Academy Awards. The characters are aspiring artists in the entertainment industry who fall in love in Los Angeles. Even viewers who are not fond of musicals will be captivated by the retro romance and vocals of the two characters.

The Wolf of Wall Street

Set from 1987 to the early 1990s, Jordan Belfort (Leonardo DiCaprio) finds himself defrauding wealthy investors for his brokerage firm while getting caught up in a brew of sex, drugs and parties. This nearly three-hour film created a comedic and intoxicating mood that earned a Best Picture nomination in 2014.

The Theory of Everything

This film was nominated for five Academy Awards in 2015 and depicts the life of physicist Stephen Hawking as he falls in love and breaks new ground while being diagnosed with motor neuron disease. With stellar performances, this film goes behind the scenes of Hawking’s real life and struggles.


As a coming-of-age film following a black man’s journey to manhood, this film won Best Picture and two other Academy Awards in 2017. The grounded characters steal the show while dealing with themes such as sexuality, family and masculinity.


Based on a true story, Spotlight tells the story of a team of journalists who investigate the hidden sexual abuse within the Roman Catholic Church. The 2016 Best Picture winner is a marvelous detective movie that will keep audiences on the edge of their seat.


This dark comedy tells the story of a man who struggles to put on a risky Broadway production. While strange, it is beautifully shot and brilliantly directed, making it a Best Picture winner in 2015.

12 Years a Slave

The biopic tells the story of Northup Solomon, a free black man sold into slavery in mid-1800s. Thematic and heart-breaking, the film will open eyes with gruesome scenes that deserved Best Picture in 2014.


Winner of Best Picture in 2013, the film follows a man who must rescue hostages in Iran while posing as a Hollywood producer. Based on the “Canadian Caper” crisis in 1979 and 1980, this film is tense, exciting and dark.

Usefulness, a disease? (Part 2)


Read Part 1 HERE

By Blake Bouza

Over winter break, I had a full time job as an in-home healthcare provider.

It was in doing this job that the seeds of ideas that had been planted in that psychology class began to grow and I realized the overarching problem: society teaches us, almost from day one, that someone is only valuable when you are useful.

A common issue I found with the elderly and disabled people I provided care for was depression. When we talked it out and got to the root of the problem, I found, almost every time, that the problem was that they felt they could not be as useful in a way that they once were.

I watched a video in that same psychology class that had a psychologist going into a bed-bound, elderly lady’s home. The woman wanted to die and the psychologist wanted to find out why. When the psychologist spoke with the woman, she got down to the common denominator I stated above. Then the psychologist put forth this question: “Would picking up a broom and sweeping really be impactful?”

They shared a laugh at the absurdity of it.

The psychologist said that seniors have to learn that their contribution is no longer to give, but to receive. Receive help from those that love them and accept that their contribution is psychological rather than physical.

Obviously there are senior people that do not have the support system or help that particular woman did, but the principle remains.

I put forth that American society does not equip people to do that getting older and it does not equip younger generations to view an immaterial output in a positive light. Look at the amount of people in a nursing home, rather than at home with their families.

I am Latino, and a multi-generational home is not a foreign idea to me. Because of that it is perhaps biased of me to think that Spanish culture, (and many Eastern cultures), view their elderly in a much more positive light than American culture does.

Could it have to do with the fact that American culture is very individualistic, rather than community, and perhaps, character-driven?

The answer is not simple and there is not an easy solution. Perhaps if people placed less emphasis on things and output and instead the value of their relationships, would things change? But our society is geared toward buying The Latest Thing and upgrading to The Newest Thing and buying our loved ones The Best Thing to show them how much we love them.

It is a very accepted practice, and while not inherently bad, does require moderation and thoughtfulness.

I believe I have seen the issue from both sides: how young people view the act of instilling character values and ethics that go into staying home and raising a child, and the light that the elderly view themselves in when they are no longer viewed as “useful.”


Usefulness, a disease? Part 1


By Blake Bouza

Hi there, my name is Blake Bouza and I’m the Settler’s editor-in-chief this semester. I look forward to overseeing the paper working with our writers to deliver to you, the reader, the best content we can put out there.

I was sitting in a lifespan psychology class last semester when the question was posed to the male students: would you be comfortable letting your wife go to work while you stayed home with the kids?

The overwhelming majority of guys said no. Save for me.

The professor called on me and I made the argument that we live in a time where a woman is no more capable of providing childcare than a man is, and a man is no more capable of going out and working to provide for a family.

It does not impact my self worth, I said, to not be working and providing the bread. Raising children and impacting the next generation is just as noble a cause.

Though I grew up in a very traditional home where my father went to work and my mother raised the children, this could not have seemed more obvious to me, but I got labeled a “progressive.”

When she asked other guys their thoughts on it, they said that “staying home and taking care of the kids is not enough.”

After just making the argument that raising children is a noble cause that either gender can do, this flabbergasted me.

One guy said that he was extremely unqualified for the job of child rearing.

“I’d probably forget the kid in the other room,” he said.

A couple of the girls in the classroom said they would not be comfortable letting their husbands stay home “and sit around” while they were making money and providing.

Is this how both genders view the act of being a homemaker? I thought to myself.

Now obviously my thoughts that stem from this came from the situation where one spouse stays home while the other goes and works, and not both working, so my ideas on this take place within the bounds of the scenario presented.

I had the sneaking suspicion that men would not want to raise children because it may be an overtly feminine act, but I thought there was a lot more to it than that.

The answer came to me later that night: the only difference between going out and making money, and child rearing, which are both very necessary things to do in the 21st Century, is material difference.

See, the act of going out and working and providing money is a very material thing. It is “useful.” It has output. In a farming style of the act, you can literally see the fruits of your labor. Bills get paid. New clothes are bought. Loans are paid off.

Yet the act of child rearing is a very immaterial practice, one whose fruits may reveal itself in tiny ways when your child spells a difficult word correctly, or handles a situation in a manner you taught her to handle it.

Unfortunately, there is no way to measure the quiet, warm satisfaction of seeing a child raised the way you taught them to be raised.

This important act, viewed as “just staying home and sitting around,” is instead a very real, full-time, lifetime job. Someone coming home from work gets to clock out; a parent does not.

That does it for this week, but please come back next week as we explore society’s definition of usefulness with Part 2!

In the meantime, please email us at Make sure you put “Letter to the Editor” in the subject line!



The top 10 books every student needs to read

By: Michaela Marcellino
College students have lots of assigned reading, of course. Many forget, however, how enjoyable reading just for fun is!
Here is a list to get started:

10.The Fault in Our Stars by John Green
This is the heartfelt, sad and beautiful love story of a teenage couple battling cancer. When in the mood for a tearjerker, this one is a must.
“As he read, I fell in love the way you fall asleep: slowly, and then all at once.”

9. Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe
The tale of Robinson Crusoe is a really fun read! It is packed full of adventure, danger, ingenuity, and success.
“It is never too late to be wise.”

8. A Damsel in Distress by P.G. Wodehouse
This pick is by P.G. Wodehouse, an absolutely hilarious British author. You will laugh at loud while taking in the antics of a classic love triangle in early 1900’s London.
“I wish I could get you see my point of view.” “I do see your point of view. But dimly. You see, my own takes up such a lot of the foreground”

7. Anne of Green Gables by L.M. Montgomery
No matter the readers age, the story of the red-headed orphan who loves big words coming to a new home on Prince Edward Island, is sure to tug on the heartstrings.
“Dear old world’, she murmured, ‘you are very lovely, and I am glad to be alive in you.”

6. A Walk to Remember by Nicholas Sparks
This pick is another teenage love story, the sweet tale of Jamie and Landon. Readers will laugh, cry, and everything in between.
“I don’t think that we’re meant to understand it all the time. I think that sometimes we just have to have faith.”

5. Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Tom is a happy-go-lucky boy, who is extremely clever. He also has a way of letting his imagination run away with him! Do not miss this pick.
“Well, everybody does it that way, Huck.”
“Tom, I am not everybody.”

4. Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand
This is the true story of Louis Zamperini, an Olympian and later a soldier in World War II. He survives a plane crash, only to be captured and brought to a camp for Prisoners of War. It is heart-wrenching, inspiring and something everyone needs to read.
“Dignity is as essential to human life as water, food, and oxygen. The stubborn retention of it, even in the face of extreme physical hardship, can hold a man’s soul in his body long past the point at which the body should have surrendered it.”

3. The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis
This pick is the story of the Pevensie siblings–Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy—making their way through a wardrobe to the magical world of Narnia. It is full of fun, adventure, betrayal and forgiveness.
“Wrong will be right, when Aslan comes in sight, At the sound of his roar, sorrows will be no more, when he bares his teeth, winter meets its death, and when he shakes his mane, we shall have spring again.”

2. The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas
This classic is a really fantastic narrative of love, betrayal, revenge, and reconciliation.
Dumas keeps readers into the plot the whole time, and the journey is thoroughly enjoyable.
“I don’t think man was meant to attain happiness so easily. Happiness is like those palaces in fairy tales whose gates are guarded by dragons: we must fight in order to conquer it.”

1. The Bible
Everyone needs hope, peace and guidance for life. This is the very best place to find it. There are lots of plans to help you read through the whole Bible in a year, the MacArthur Daily Bible being a great option.
Having the Bible App downloaded on a smartphone is another great resource.

“For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the Lord, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope.” -Jeremiah 29:11

Top 10 Good Study Habits

By: Cole Miller
With finals coming up even faster than we expected, we must prepare properly. Some students can take a final like it is any other test, but some are not as fortunate. But that is okay, here are some tips on healthy ways to study in a convenient, anxiety minimum manner.
10. Get a good night’s sleep. Don’t stay up late studying or not studying within the few days before your exam. Get a solid 7 hours of sleep minimum, but no more than 10, as you will feel groggy the next day if you sleep your day (or night) away.
9. Study in small bits. If you are like me, you procrastinate. There have been times where I have found myself cleaning my entire house just to put off studying. I study in small portions at a time, usually being thirty-five minute intervals once every 2 hours. Obviously not everyone will have the same intervals, but after you find your Zen, everything will fall into place.
8. Eating habits. This one may seem a bit odd, but brain food exists. Junk food may be simple and easy for leisure time, but study time needs something more, even just a drink would be easier than a bag of chips. Simplicity is in the eyes of the beholder, but my study snack is usually Chex Mix and a Snapple.
7. Turn off the phone. Majority of the time, we are glued to our phone, whether it be social media or entertainment, we are addicted to our smartphones. Just by turning off your phone, or putting it in airplane mode for your study interval, you would not feel the urge to check Instagram or keep your Snapchat streak going.
6. From the window, to a wall. Okay, title aside, study location is vital. Find your happy place, the Thigpen Library is always quiet and even offers rooms for private or group study sessions. Do not study in a public place, or somewhere where the outside world is going to be affecting you.
5. Music is key. This one is pretty common amongst college students. Music that doesn’t want to make you jump up and play your air guitar might be better if that happens to you, otherwise listen to your favorite songs. However, if complete silence is better for you, go for it.
4. Your friends will still be your friends tomorrow. Although a social life is healthy, your education is just as important. If you are stressing over a final, or maybe more than one, cancel plans. If for whatever reason your friends get angry at you for studying, just explain to them that you needed time to study and they should understand.
3. Ask for help. It is okay to ask for help. Ask a friend, a professor, a parent, a tutor, anybody who you think might be able to help you succeed in passing your exams, ask them. Study groups are great to learn new thinking strategies and a new attack plan other than “circle ‘b’ if you don’t know the answer.”
2. Bring anything you need, nothing you don’t. I feel like this one should be drilled into our minds. Things you should bring are notes, outlines, a laptop for Power Points, and a textbook if you prefer paper. Do not bring things like a videogame system, an entire meal from a restaurant, fireworks, etc.
1. Do not stress. If you go into a test thinking you’re going to bomb it, you will. If you stay up all night worrying about failing, you will. Do not stress over these exams, they are literally any other test, but they count for a little bit more.

Facebook is taking over the 2016 election

With the election results upon us today it is very important that we take something away from this election.
One of the biggest issues with this election is people taking false information away from social media.
Especially millennials know that every time you log on to Facebook you see your friends and family posting from uncredited sources, just helping add to the fire.
Every time we share a story about a candidate that we have not done our own research on and triple checked the sources we are doing ourselves and our community a disservice.
Facebook especially has done a great job of getting those fake news sources right to our newsfeed.
While every person has come in contact with false news in their life, not everyone knows how to identify it.
I have come up with a few ways of knowing whether or not it is okay to share these stories on your personal social media accounts.
Make sure you triple check the sources every single time. You can do this by simply googling the topic in the story.
If you see the topic in multiple sources odds are it is credible, but that is not enough evidence for posting.
You have to fact check the topic. There are many websites people can use to ensure they are getting the right information including and
These are great sites to ensure you are getting the right information from nonbiased sources. I encourage everyone to check their topic on multiple fact check sites.
There is absolutely nothing wrong with learning something new and gaining factual information. Another way to check your topic faster is to simply look at the address bar.
If you are looking at websites that do not have a .edu, .org or a .gov you can never be 100% sure. While there are very many credible .com websites you can get the least biased information from the websites that I have listed above.
If you read the whole article or story you can usually make good judgement based on the language and punctuation used.
Credible news sources are always going to be checking their grammar and punctuation to make sure it is perfect, where as less credible news sources wont care as much about how the appear to the public.
Fake news sources only care about getting that information across your screen and into your brain, they do not care about how good they sound most of the time.
As I said earlier, there are always going to be exceptions. It is always important to be on top of your personal research.
Knowing your facts and being well educated can not hurt anyone. You can always spread that knowledge to other people which helps the general population become a more educated whole.
It is never good to spread false information. Whether it be on social media or by word of mouth it is never good.
Dr. Lynette Long, very smart speech professor at the Volunteer State Community College Gallatin campus, always tells her students, “You always have a right to your own opinions, but you never have a right to your own facts.”
It is extremely important as a college student to be a light for those around you. Let others in on the knowledge you have and be an active listener to those you can learn from.
In my opinion the worst part about this election is the spread of false information about the candidates, and about the election itself.
No one wants to listen to each other and everyone thinks they know everything about every topic when in reality no one does real research on the topics presented to us, we just rely on the media to tell us everything we need to know and as a result we spew false information causing a horrible chain reaction resulting in a misinformed population.
While our time is over on this election I believe the American people can learn a lot about this election from how poorly it has gone.
We have to learn to listen to people’s opinions to gain information for ourselves, not just listen to reply. Ask critical questions and learn from the mistakes we have all made.
I encourage everyone to educate yourselves outside the classroom and off social media.
Help educate those around you and never stop gaining valuable information.

Top 10 best movies to watch this Halloween

by Michaela Marcellino
It is that time of year again! This is October, the time for cooler weather, everything pumpkin flavored, watching football, and yes—Halloween. One of the best ways to celebrate this fun time is to enjoy some Halloween Movies! Here are the Top 10 Halloween movies just waiting to be watched this October:
10. The Evil Dead
Five college students think they are going on a fun trip to stay in a cabin in the woods. However, it very quickly morphs into a nightmare when they accidentally unleash all kinds of evil.
9. Army of Darkness
By mistake, a man is sent to the Middle Ages, and captured by King Arthur. He must battle the army of the dead, as well as find a magical object, in order to return home.
8. Freddy vs. Jason
This is the story of Freddy Krueger, the killer who attacks people in their dreams, and Jason Voorhees, the psycho who wears a mask. They have an evil plot, but things begin to change very quickly when they turn on each other instead. 7. It’s the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown
Who doesn’t love a great childhood throwback? And especially when that throwback is Charlie Brown? Join Charlie, Lucy, Linus, Sally, and the rest of the gang as they await the Great Pumpkin.
6. Goosebumps
When an author’s imaginary demons are released from his books, it is up to a group of teenagers and the author to save their town.
5. Halloween
In this lm, a murder was committed on the night of Halloween. Fifteen years have now gone by, and the killer is back for more.
4. The Monster Squad
A group of pre-teens are obsessed with all things having to do with monsters. They have to rescue all they hold dear when their hometown is overrun with monsters they released.
3. Trick ‘r Treat
This lm is sure to get any viewer ready for Halloween. It follows the Trick- or-Treating antics of several groups of friends, and no one is quite who they seem to be.
2. The Nightmare before Christmas
A Disney classic that is a great way to get ready for Halloween. Follow the story of Jack Skellington and the rest of Halloweentown as they try to mesh Christmas with Halloween, with hilarious results.
1. Hocus Pocus
This 1993 Halloween classic is the number-one must-see movie for this spooky holiday. 300 years after banished in the Salem Witch Trials, Winifred, Sarah, and Mary are back, and ready to work their magic.